Cumulative projectiles

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Defense Issues

At the beginning of war against Croatia, Yugoslav Army had available almost 3.000 pieces of armoured vehicles. Large portion of these vehicles were quickly lost or disabled. Due to very limited anti-armour capabilities of Croatian military, especially early in the war, most of these were destroyed by cumulative (HEAT) projectiles. Cumulative rounds themselves have many advantages. Unlike subcaliber projectiles, their effectiveness does not depend on the impact velocity. This led to development of a wide range of portable antitank weapons. Price of such a weapon can be >450 times less than price of a tank. They are also highly effective: once Germans introduced Panzerfaust to the Eastern front, Soviet losses in terms of completely destroyed tanks reached 30% of all the tanks used.

Cumulative / HEAT projectiles work by focusing the stream of hot gasses onto a small surface area. The shell is designed as a conical cavity with a…

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